/ Russian National Holidays

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OFFICIAL HOLIDAYS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION*

Date

Name

1-5

1-5 January

New Year Holidays

7

7 January

Orthodox Christmas

23

23 February

Defenders of the Motherland Day (Soldiers Day)

8

8 March

International Womens Day

1

1 May

Spring and Labour Day

9

9 May

Victory Day

12

12 June

Russia Day

4

4 November

Peoples Unity Day

Comments on the holidays:

New Year - The most popular holiday in Russia. Recently it has been extended from Jan. 1-2 to Jan. 1-5. There is one more New Year, so called Old New Year (weekday), which is widely celebrated in almost all parts of Russia on January 13 (January 1 in the Julian calendar, used in Russia before 1918).

Orthodox Christmas - Russian Orthodox Christmas is celebrated two weeks later than in Catholic countries due to 13-day difference between the contemporary Gregorian calendar and its Julian counterpart used in Russia before 1918.

Defenders of the Motherland Day - It is the day of all men. Originally Soviet Army Day.

International Womens Day - It is the day of all women: mothers, grandmothers, sisters, daughters, wives and girlfriends, when they receive flowers, gifts and are toasted by men.

Spring and Labour Day - Originally the Day of International Solidarity of Workers (May Day), it became just a holiday of Spring and Labour.

Victory Day - This spring day went down in the chronicle of the USSR as the end of the GreatPatriotic War (22.06.1941-09.05.1945), the most dramatic war in Russian history, which marks the victory over Nazi Germany in the war.Flowers and wreaths are laid on wartime graves on this day, and veterans come out into the streets wearing their military orders and medals.

Russia Day - Russia's main state holiday.

Peoples Unity Day - Russia's newest holiday, which marks the end of Polish intervention in Russia in 1612. On December 4, 1612 Russian Peoples Resistance Forces repelled Polish troops from Moscow.

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